Synthetic Cannabinoids are chemicals that are similar to natural cannabinoids, but they have been created synthetically. Their effect is close to the effect of Benzodiazepines. These research chemicals stimulate certain brain receptors as natural chemicals do, in a very predictive way. The very first information about this type of substances emerged back in the 1970s when people started experimenting with chemical formulas and look for ways to reproduce the effects created by natural elements via the synthesized ones.
One of the best qualities of synthetic substance is the predictability of their effect on the body and mind. While experts also know very well what effect natural structures cause, it can still vary depending on the harvest, and percent of water and other elements in the herb, etc. The situation is the same as with essential oils. Essential oils have a clear and well-known effect on the body and skin, yet they cannot be officially registered and medicinal elements because of the variation of the functional elements in their composition. The composition of essential oils varies with each harvest, because herbs, trees, and flowers accumulate different percent of chemicals depending on the amount of water and sun they get, depending on the level of soil mineralization, and so on.
Natural cannabinoids have a well-known effect, but it cannot be predicted absolutely carefully, and have a very clear effect due to a different composition that also depends on harvest and on the type of processing overall. Synthetic ones, on the other hand, are designed with a specific amount of each chemical element and therefore their effect is more clear.
Synthetic cannabinoids are divided into several different groups according to their qualities and the level of effect on the body and mind. Each group has its own indication of the effect of the element onto receptors in the brain. The smaller is the number of the indicator, the more powerful is the influence on the receptor. Each group is, in its turn, subdivided into several types of elements, some groups have literally dozens of drugs included. Some of these medicinal drugs are forbidden in the majority of countries, however, the majority of these elements, in every group, is not banned and therefore can be used for research and experiments.
It should also be noted that, despite the fact synthetic cannabinoids are used for the same purposes and in the same spheres as natural cannabinoids are, in fact, the designed substances are more powerful. The indication of influence on the brain receptors is way higher for designed elements than for the natural ones. Therefore, considerable research is necessary for the knowledge of full effects, potential side effects and drawbacks of usage, and also relevant regulations. As any medicinal drug, natural or synthetic, these substances should be supervised and regulated. Otherwise, there is a risk of low-quality elements or fake chemicals that will be harmful to users’ health and also illegal for selling.